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Classic and Alternative Views of Intelligence
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  • Intelligence is the ability of the brain to absorb information and to analyze it accurately and rapidly. It is the ability to learn and to cope, to understand and deal with new or trying situations, the skilled use of reason; to apply knowledge to manipulate one's environment or to think abstractly as measured by objective criteria (as tests).

    Most of our intellectual skills are genetically inherited, they are influenced by and can be improved through social and environmental learning. The more one develops the skill function of the left- and right brain hemispheres, the more intelligent that person will be.

    Having a high command of language, or being able to add numbers quickly, or being orderly and logical does not alone make a person intelligent. Being creative, mechanically inclined or artistic doesn't either. Since the human brain is a complex and amazing piece of equipment, it controls a multitude of skills and functions, some are not measurable with any test.

    The more proficient a person is at using the diversified skills of the brain, the more intelligent the person is!
    --Chris Athanas. White Sands Multimedia.

    Inter-and intrapersonal intelligence
    Interpersonal intelligence is the ability to understand other people: what motivates them, how they work, how to work cooperatively with them. Successful salespeople, politicians, teachers, clinicians, and religious leaders are all likely to be individuals with high degrees of interpersonal intelligence. Intrapersonal a correlative ability, turned inward. It is a capacity to form an accurate, veridical model of oneself and to be able to use that model to operate effectively in life.

    Emotional Intelligence
    Summary of Howard Gardner's definition of personal or emotional intelligence.

    1. Knowing ones emotions.
    Recognizing a feeling as it happens- is the keystone of emotional intelligence. People with greater certainty about their feelings are better pilots of their lives, having a surer sense of how they really feel about personal decisions from whom to marry to what job to take.

    2. Managing emotions.
    Handling feelings so they are appropriate. The capacity to soothe oneself, shake off rampant anxiety, gloom, or irritability. People who are poor in this ability are constantly battling feelings of distress, while those who excel in it can bounce back far more quickly from life's setbacks and upsets.

    3. Motivating oneself.
    Marshaling emotions in the service of a goal is essential for paying attention, for self-motivation and mastery, and for creativity. Emotional self-control, delaying gratification and stifling impulsiveness underlies accomplishment of every sort. Being able to get into the "flow" state enables outstanding performance of all kinds. People who have this skill tend to be more highly productive and effective in whatever they undertake.

    4. Recognizing emotions in others.
    Empathy, another ability that builds on emotional self-awareness, is the fundamental "people skill." People who are emphatic are more attuned to the subtle social signals that indicate what others need or want. This makes them better at callings such as the caring professions, teaching, sales, and management.

    5. Handling relationships.
    The art of relationships is, in large part, skill in managing emotions in others. These are the abilities that undergird popularity, leadership, and interpersonal effectiveness. People who excel in these skills do well at anything that relies on interacting smoothly with others; they are social stars.
    --Danial Goleman. Emotional Intelligence.

    © Gardar Gardarsson, 2003. All Rights Reserved.